About This Artwork

Jean Léon Gérôme
French, 1824-1904

Chariot Race, 1876

Oil on cradled panel
86.3 x 156 cm (34 x 61 7/16 in.)

George F. Harding Collection, 1983.380

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

Dayton, Ohio, Dayton Art Institute, Jean-Léon Gérôme (1814–1904), November 10–December 30, 1972, no. 27; traveled to Minneapolis Institute of Arts, January 26–March 11, 1973; Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery, April 6–May 20, 1973.

Publication History

Jean-Léon Gérôme, Les Œuvres de J. –L. Gérôme, vol. 21 (Paris, Goupil, [n.d.]), no. 10.

“The Art Gallery: A List of the Pictures in Mr. Stewart’s Collection,” New York Times (April 12, 1876), p. 8.

Charles F. Briggs, “Alexander Turney Stewart,” The Independent (April 20, 1876), p. 1.

“Alexander Turney Stewart,” Frank Leslie’s Popular Monthly 1, 6 (1876), no pag.

Frédéric Vors, “Jean Léon Gérôme,” The Art Amateur 1, 4 (1879), p. 71.

“Private Galleries: Collection of the Estate of Alexander Turney Stewart,” The Art Amateur 1, 6 (1879), p. 117.

Jean-Léon Gérôme and Edward Strahan, ed., Gérôme: A Collection of the Works of J.L. Gérôme in One Hundred Photogravures, vol. 2, section 8 (New York: S.L. Hall, 1881), no pag. (ill.).

“Gérôme as a Draughtsman,” The Art Amateur 6, 3 (1882), p. 52.

Ernest Knaufft, “Art Chat: The Stewart Collection II,” The Theatre 2, 25 (1887), p. 426.

“Art Notes,” The Critic: A Weekly Review of Literature and the Arts (April 2, 1887), p. 170.

“Art Notes and News: The A. T. Stewart Collection,” The Art Interchange (March 12, 1887), p. 81.

“The A. T. Stewart Collection,” The Art Amateur 16, 3 (1887), p. 56.

“The Stewart Art Sale,” New York Evangelist (March 21, 1887), p. 8.

Fanny Field Hering, Gérôme: The Life and Works of Jean Léon Gérôme (New York: Cassell Publishing Company, 1892), p. 229 (ill.), p. 236.

Henry James, Parisian Sketches, Letters to the New York Tribune, 1875–1876 (New York: New York University Press, 1957; repr. 1978), pp. 98–99.

William R. Johnston, The Nineteenth Century Paintings in the Walters Art Gallery (Baltimore: The Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1982), p. 104, under no. 108.

Art Institute of Chicago, Annual Report 1983–84 (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1984), p. 45.

Gerald M. Ackerman, The Life and Work of Jean-Léon Gérôme with a Catalogue Raisonné (London: Sotheby’s Publications, 1986), pp. 108, 123 (ill.), 238, no. 248; French translation (Courbevoie: ACR edition, 2000), pp. 112, 130 (ill.), 131, 286–87, cat. 248, fig. 248.

Richard R. Brettell, French Salon Artists 1800–1900 (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago and New York: H.N. Abrams, 1987), pp. 98 (detail ill.), 99, 101 (ill.), 118.

Jack Perry Brown, “The Return of the Salon: Jean Léon Gérôme in the Art Institute,” Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 15, 2 (1989), pp. 155–57, 162–65, 180–81 ns. 12, 16, 20, 21, figs. 1, 9.

LaVahn G. Hoh and William R. Rough, Step Right Up!: The Adventure of Circus in America (White Hall, Virginia: Betterway Publications, 1990), p. 35 (ill.).

Art Institute of Chicago, Treasures of 19th- and 20th-Century Painting (New York: Abbeville Press, 1993), pp. 8, 68 (ill.).

Gerald M. Ackerman, Jean-Léon Gérôme: His Life and Work, 1834–1904 (Courbevoie: ACR edition, 1997), pp. 122, 127 (ill.).

Ivo Blom, “Quod vadis? From Painting to Cinema and Everything in Between,” in Leonardo Quaresima and Laura Vichi, La decimal musa: il cinema e le altre atri (Udine: Università degli Studi di Udine, 2001), p. 292 n. 33.

Nicholas Horsfall, The Culture of the Roman Plebs (London: Duckworth, 2003), front cover (ill.).

Marcus Junkelmann, Hollywoods Traum von Rom: “Gladiator” und die Tradition des Monumentalfilms (Mainz am Rhein: P. von Zabern, 2004), p. 259, fig. 148.

Christie’s, London, 19th Century European Art Including Orientalist and Spanish Art, Featuring an Important Private Orientalist Collection, sale cat. (Christie’s, July 2, 2008), p. 240, under lot. 167.

Marc Gotlieb, “Gérôme’s Cinematic Imagination,” in Scott Allan and Mary Morton, eds., Reconsidering Gérôme (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), pp. 57–59, 61, fig. 10.

Ownership History

Alexander Turney Stewart (died 1876), New York; his widow, Cornelia M. Stewart, New York (died 1886); sold American Art Association, New York, March 23, 1887, lot 60, to Henry Hilton for $7,100 [buyer according to New York Evangelist 1887; price according to an annotated sale catalogue in the Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie, The Hague]; Henry Hilton (died 1899), New York. E. H. van Ingen (died 1920), New York; his estate; sold Anderson Galleries, New York, January 24, 1928, lot 145, to Clapp & Graham Co., New York, for $2,100 [buyer according to a letter from Clapp & Graham Co. to George F. Harding Jr. dated March 8, 1928, copy in curatorial file; price according to an annotated copy of the sale catalogue in Ryerson Library, Art Institute]; Clapp & Graham Co.; sold to George F. Harding Jr. (died 1939), Chicago, November 9, 1928 [according to the receipt of sale, copy in curatorial file]; bequeathed to The George F. Harding Museum, Chicago; transferred to the Art Institute, 1984.




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