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1916–1939: Bridging the Tracks

Expansion of the museum was again required to suitably display a collection that now included nearly every artistic medium. The bold solution was to build over the Illinois Central Railroad tracks that bordered the Art Institute’s east wall.

Additions for both the school and museum were added and included memorials to two young men who died in World War I: the George Alexander McKinlock Jr. Memorial Court (in 1924) and the Kenneth Sawyer Goodman Theater (in 1925). The Art Institute's holdings of Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings were immeasurably enhanced by the bequest of 52 paintings from Bertha Honoré Palmer in 1924 and the 1925 gift of the Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection, which contained the famous Sunday Afternoon on La Grande Jatte—1884, (1884-86). In the depths of the Great Depression, the museum received the single most comprehensive gift of art in its history, the bequest of Martin A. Ryerson. This donation contained masterpieces ranging from American and European paintings dating to the 15th century to textiles, prints and drawings, Asian art, and European decorative arts.

Grant Wood. American Gothic, 1930. Oil on beaver board. Friends of American Art Collection, 1930.934

Georges Seurat. A Sunday on La Grande Jatte—1884, 1884–86. Oil on canvas. Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection, 1926.224 

Wall Plaque of a Warrior, 16th/17th century. Nigeria. Bronze. Samuel P. Avery Fund, 1933.782.

The exhibition A Century of Progress, held in conjunction with the 1933 world's fair, attracted 1.5 million visitors in 5 months, making it the highest attended show in the Art Institute's history.